As gun violence spikes, Toronto faces a reckoning on the root causes of tragedy – Globe and MailJuly 9, 2018 -
In sentencing reports for gang and gun violence cases in Toronto – and there are hundreds to comb through over the past decade – familiar patterns stand out among the offenders’ backstories. Young. Often men. Often black. Often raised in poverty. An early exposure to violence and drugs. Systemic barriers and struggles in school.